제주대학교 Repository

商街建物賃貸借保護法의 改善方案에 관한 硏究

Metadata Downloads
Alternative Title
A Study on the Reforms of Lease Protection Law of Commercial Buildings
Abstract
Generally speaking, leases are dominated by the principle of freedom of contracts which is called a credit relationship. Therefore, the lessee's position is naturally weaker and the lessor is guaranteed a stronger position through the special agreement. As such, it has become essential that we come up with special measures to protect the economically weaker lessee's position in the reality where the imbalance of lessee and lessor does not agree with the balance of supply and demand of residential and commercial buildings.
In light of the situation, Korea has enacted a law called the lease protection law of commercial buildings and it has been in effect since November 1st of 2002. With this, not only is the lease matter dealt with comprehensively in civil law, along with the special lease protection law of residential buildings(enacted in 1981), the stage has been set systematically to protect the lessees. The main important contents of the enacted lease protection law of commercial buildings include 'extent of application regarding commercial buildings', 'acquisition of opposing power through simple means', 'guarantee of maintaining the period through lease rights', 'appropriate restrictions regarding rent increase', and 'securing the return of lease deposit money'. However, in the actual execution of such enacted laws, despite the positive law which guarantees the minimum rights of the low-income merchants who are in the blind spot of the law network, there are such problems of 'extent of application', 'acquisition of opposing power', 'exercising the right for contract renewal', 'solution of lease conflicts', and 'retrieval of investment funds for facilities'. As a result, in order for the law to be settled as a realistic protection law of low-income lessees, there is a need to make certain reforms with supplementary legislations after a lot of research.
Therefore, this paper focuses on looking for reform measures after seeking out problems regarding the current lease protection law of commercial buildings. In the first chapter, by basing upon the purpose of the enactment of the lease protection law of commercial buildings, the context and process of the enactment is introduced, and the aims and scope of the paper in question are narrated. In the second chapter, the main contents of the lease protection law of commercial buildings and the legislative purpose are scrutinized. Then the law is compared and investigated with the lease protection law of residential buildings. In the third chapter, after surveying the lease protection law of commercial buildings in major countries, this paper attempts to organize what their implications are. In the fourth chapter, problems in the lease protection law of commercial buildings are pointed out and reform measures following the problems are suggested. In the fifth chapter, the previous contents are summarized and organized and a legislative theory is suggested.
This paper was carried out by focusing on a literature survey method where domestic and international books and preceding research papers were organized and analyzed in order to achieve its goals. Also, by carrying out simultaneous research of related precedents, specific problems were sought out through real case studies whereby reform measures were suggested. First of all, the maximum range sum of 240 million won has been decreased to a lower margin and therefore many commercial leases have the disadvantage of going out of the applied limit within similar laws. In order to improve this point, it must be reformed so that the maximum limit is set at least at the 340 million won level or more.
Secondly, the registration of private businesses is unstable as it is not in the same format as the real estate registry which is a public registry. Therefore, when applying for business registration, there must be a law which ensures whether the contents of the lease contract which is attached to the application, the amount of deposit money, and the range of rights are in actual fact consistent to the real transaction and target object under the tax law. By doing this, the business registration must be made into a system which is similar to the real estate registry and investigations made so that it can be used as a public notice.
Thirdly, 5 years are guaranteed for the duration of request for renewal of contracts. For this situation, there are no regulations to terminate the contract from the lessor point of view if the lessee damages or destroys the whole or part of the building deliberately, or if the lessor wants to use the building himself for personal reasons. So, there is the problem of the lessors having to wait until the lease period is up or pay a substantial amount in compensation to cancel the contract. From the lessee point of view, I consider 5 years to be too short to resolve the matter of the premium.
Fourthly, the yearly 12% rent increment has been set at a yearly rate of 5% which is higher than the lease protection law of residential buildings. This is giving cause for worry as it could lead to mass lawsuits. If I were to suggest some reform methods here, like the lease protection law of residential buildings, it is the case where there might be changes in the sum of taxes and public utilities as well as limiting the increments on the current financial institutions' interest rates on mortgages on buildings. In addition, to resolve the conflicts as speedily as possible, following a simple procedure based on logic, through a mutual understanding between parties, it would be good to use the civil law arbitration law(Article 30) which can resolve the issue according to the situation. Furthermore, issues could be resolved through the lease conflict coordinating committee set up currently in cities, counties and districts.
Fifthly, there is no regulation for necessary and beneficial cost regarding lease protection law of commercial buildings. Even in civil law, the premium money is not acknowledged. However, the premium money for commercial buildings is being carried out routinely and under the table in our society. The transaction of premium money exists because of certain reasons from a social economic point of view and it does not seem appropriate to set it up as a legal regulation and its realization seem very remote as well. Therefore, I believe that legislation should be looked into from a perspective of guaranteeing the leasing period regarding premium money. The contents of the report should also be amended so that it can be used as proof of special tax deduction dictated by income tax laws.
Finally, the lease protection law of residential buildings and lease protection law of commercial buildings should be reincorporated into the civil code so that the lease chapters that range from article 618 to article 654 can be re-equipped fully. The legal trends in the world now in light of the currents in unifying of laws, I believe it is essential to incorporate them into the civil code for securing legal stability and consistence.
Author(s)
鄭榮鎭
Issued Date
2008
Awarded Date
2008. 8
Type
Dissertation
URI
http://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000004454
Alternative Author(s)
Jung, Yung-Jin
Department
행정대학원 법학과
Advisor
金祥燦
Table Of Contents
第1章 序論 1
第1節 硏究의 目的 1
第2節 硏究의 範圍 및 方法 3

第2章 商街建物賃貸借保護法의 主要內容 4
第1節 商街建物賃貸借保護法의 立法趣旨 4
第2節 商街建物賃貸借保護法의 主要內容 5
1. 適用範圍 5
2. 對抗力 6
3. 賃貸借期間 및 契約更新 12
4. 借賃등의 增減請求權 16
5. 保證金의 回收 19
6. 登錄事項등의 閱覽 · 提供 36
7. 賃借權登記命令 39
8. 轉貸借 關係에 대한 適用 41
9. 權利金 42
第3節 商街建物賃貸借保護法과 住宅賃貸借保護法의 比較 · 檢討 44
1. 立法目的 및 趣旨 44
2. 適用對象 44
3. 對抗力 45
4. 優先辨濟權의 要件 46
5. 保證金 중 一定額의 保護(最優先辨濟權) 47
6. 賃貸借期間 48
7. 借賃등의 增減請求權 48
8. 契約의 更新과 黙示的 契約更新 49
9. 賃借權登記命令申請 50
10. 檢討 50

第3章 商街建物賃貸借保護制度에 관한 主要 國家의 立法例 52
第1節 主要 國家의 立法例 槪觀 52
1. 日本 52
2. 프랑스 56
3. 英國 60
4. 獨逸 63
5. 스위스 68
6. 美國 69
第2節 主要 國家의 立法例 檢討 70

第4章 商街建物賃貸借保護法의 問題點과 改善方案 74
第1節 序說 74
第2節 問題點 74
1. 適用範圍上의 問題點 74
2. 對抗力 取得要件上의 問題點 76
3. 契約更新權 行使上의 問題點 78
4. 賃貸借紛爭解決上의 問題點 79
5. 施設投資金 回收의 問題點 80
第3節 改善方案 82
1. 適用範圍上의 改善方案 82
2. 對抗力 取得要件上의 改善方案 82
3. 契約更新權 行使上의 改善方案 84
4. 賃貸借紛爭 解決의 迅速 · 簡易化方案 85
5. 施設投資金 回收의 確保方案 88
6. 其他 91

第5章 結論 95

參考文獻 99
ABSTRACT 105
Degree
Master
Publisher
제주대학교 행정대학원
Citation
鄭榮鎭. (2008). 商街建物賃貸借保護法의 改善方案에 관한 硏究
Appears in Collections:
Graduate School of Public Administration > Law
Authorize & License
  • AuthorizeOpen
Files in This Item:

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.