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제주4·3 시기 아동학살 연구

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Alternative Title
The Study on the Child Massacre during Jeju 4·3 Period : Focusing on the oral testimonies of the survivors
Abstract
Jeju 4·3 Uprising is the horrible tragedy of the Korea modern history. It resulted in 25,000~30,000 victims. Especially, during the scorched-earth operations period from mid October 1948 to March 1949, there were collective killings and mass killings.
Jeju 4·3 is the incident that the minorities' human rights were annihilated by the state power. Especially, child massacre expressed the magnitude of the indiscriminate mass killings. Unlike adults, children are so weak to overcome the dangers go through. They lack the recognition capabilities or self-defence capabilites to cope with the dangers.
But, the child massacre in the process of Jeju 4·3 period has not take researcher's attention, and there is no study in this field.
This study aims to examine the size of the child massacre during Jeju 4·3 period. It also aims to review the patterns of the child massacre and the characters of it, using the oral testimonies of the survivors who have experienced the massacre. And I try to find the meanings of the present life of the survivors and their PTSD(Post-traumatic stress disorder).
As a result of the research on the actual conditions of the children less then 16 years old during Jeju 4·3 period, children's victims are 9.4%(1,310) among 14,028 victims who were reported to the authorities.
Especially, the infant mortality are reached to 25.9%(339). This means the size of horrible massacres to children who were incapable of the resistance.
The child massacres were intensified between mid November 1948 and March 1949 when the mass killings were performed across Jeju island. This means that massacres had resulted from the hard-line suppression by the security forces during the scorched-earth operations under the martial law which were issued on 17th November 1948.
Bukchonri village, Jochen Myeon and Gasiri village, Pyoseon Myeon have the most horrible children's victims. The child massacres led to the annihilation of the families.
One of the characters of the child massacres is the patterns of the dehumanization. The other thing is the indiscriminate massacres as the elimination method of reprisals and sources of the troubles.
The notable characters of the survival method of survivors are the children patriarch to overcome their life by themselves. They had engaged in labor including field working and even boys farmhands. Even they had to live without family resister.
In some cases, when the survivors became adults, they joined to the anti-communist groups or entered into the army to escape out of the red complex.
The children survivors who had narrow escape from the massacre Places entirely lost their children days. Some survivors are suffered from the extreme trauma like nightmare and severe physically handicapped. And they are still caught in the extreme agonies. Even the more they are getting old, the more they remember their early day vividly.
It suggests that child massacre during Jeju 4·3 period violates the peace and human rights. The space of the memory of the nameless children victims is needed to make the anti-civilized child massacres future lessons.
Author(s)
허영선
Issued Date
2007
Awarded Date
2007. 2
Type
Dissertation
URI
http://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000003881
Alternative Author(s)
Huh, Young-Seon
Affiliation
제주대학교 대학원
Department
대학원 한국학협동과정
Advisor
김동전
Table Of Contents
Ⅰ. 서론 = 1
1. 문제제기 = 1
2. 선행연구에 대한 검토 = 3
3. 연구의 대상과 방법 = 6
Ⅱ. 제주4·3 시기 아동학살의 실태 = 12
1. 제노사이드와 아동학살 = 12
2. 아동학살의 실태 = 18
3. 마을별 피해 실태와 그 사례 = 22
Ⅲ. 제주4·3 시기 아동학살의 유형과 특징 = 32
1. 아동학살의 유형 = 32
2. 아동학살의 특징 = 48
Ⅳ. 제주4·3 시기 아동생존자들의 기억과 삶 = 53
1. 생존 경험과 후유장애 = 53
2. 삶의 고통과 기억과의 싸움 = 67
Ⅴ. 아동학살의 현재적 의미 = 74
1. 고통의 내면적 승화 = 74
2. 평화와 인권의 함의 = 79
Ⅵ. 결론 = 81
참고 문헌 = 84
Degree
Master
Publisher
제주대학교 대학원
Citation
허영선. (2007). 제주4·3 시기 아동학살 연구
Appears in Collections:
Interdisciplinary Programs > Interdisciplinary Postgraduate Program in Koreanology
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