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Pamidronate를 백서의 경막외 투여 시 신경학적 안정성에 대한 연구

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Alternative Title
The Neurological Safety of Epidural Pamidronate in Rats
Abstract
Background: Pamidronate is a potent inhibitor of osteoclast-mediated bone resorption. Recently, the drug has been known to relieve bone pain. More recently, IV bisphosphonates treatment group reported significant improvement in neuropathic pain syndrome known as CRPS/RSD.
We believed it possible that direct epidural administration of pamidronate could have various advantages over oral administration with respect to dosage, side effects, and efficacy. Therefore, we evaluated neuronal safety of epidurally-administered pamidronate.


Methods: Twenty-seven rats weighing 250-350 g were equally divided into three groups. Each group received epidural administration with either 0.3 ml (3.75 mg) of pamidronate (group P), 0.3 ml of 40% alcohol (group A), or 0.3 ml of normal saline (group N). Pinch-toe test, motor function evaluation, and histopathologic examination of the spinal cord to detect conditions such as chromatolysis, meningeal inflammation, and neuritis, were performed on the 2nd, 7th, and 21st day following administration of each drug.
Results: All rats in group A showed an abnormal response to the pinch-toe test and decreased motor function during the entire evaluation period. Abnormal histopathologic findings, including neuritis and meningeal inflammation were observed only in the group A rats. Rats in group P, with the exception of one, and group N showed no significant sensory/motor dysfunction over a 3-week observation period. No histopathologic changes were observed in groups P and N.


Conclusions: Direct epidural injection of pamidronate (about 12.5 mg/kg) showed no neurotoxic evidence in terms of sensory/motor function evaluation and histopathologic examination.
Author(s)
신혜영
Issued Date
2010
Awarded Date
2010. 8
Type
Dissertation
URI
http://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000005150
Alternative Author(s)
Shin, Hye Young
Affiliation
제주대학교 일반대학원
Department
대학원 의학과
Advisor
박상현
Table Of Contents
Contents

Abstract 1

List of Tables 3
Legends of Figures 4

Introduction 6

Materials and methods 8

Results 14

Discussion 19

References 24
Degree
Master
Publisher
제주대학교 일반대학원
Citation
신혜영. (2010). Pamidronate를 백서의 경막외 투여 시 신경학적 안정성에 대한 연구
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General Graduate School > Medicine
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