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한 ‧ 중 서비스 무역구조 비교분석에 관한 연구

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Alternative Title
A Study on the Comparative Analysis of International Competitiveness for Service Trade between Korea and China
Abstract
The service industry in the past was low in technological level and it was labor intensive, so it was considered as a field of low productivity. However, the service related to the products is gradually provided as independent goods. Because of the development of information communication technology, the provision of long distance become possible and the productivity increases all of a sudden. The importance of the service was newly realized. With the change of the realization about service industry, the global trade of service is showing expanding trend. The expansion of service trade contributes to the stable growth of domestic economy and accelerates the development of the production industry and other industries. With the trade liberation, the global trade is being expanded. Meanwhile, the globalization of the service trade is developing rapidly. The service trade is increasing day by day. It is expected that it will be more expanded.
However, as the proportion of service trade is increasing, unlike the other developed countries that pursue economy growth, through the globalization and the economy servicitization, Korea and China still maintain a trade surplus constantly in the goods trade, but in the service trade, they cannot avoid the trade deficit. The economic exchange between Korea and China established in 1992. Since establishment, their exchange has been expanding rapidly, but compared to the trade of industrial goods and the investment of production industries, the investment of service in China is relatively low. In the service field, the investment of Korea in China is increasing at the fastest speed, but in the end of 2006, there were totally 2,724 cases of trade with 2 billion and 46.99 million dollars of revenue. The investment in the production field was 10billion and 3.7million with totally 12 thousand and 666 cases, which was the 15% of the sum. In 2011, in terms of service exporting countries, China ranked the forth and Korea 15th. Meanwhile, in terms of service importing countries, China ranked the forth and Korea13th. Although in the goods trade both of China and Korea are competitive, it is considered that both of them are relatively less competitive in the service trade.
Both of these two countries have surplus in the goods trade but chronic deficit in the service trade. It is necessary to strengthen the international competitiveness of service trade. For this, it is inevitable to improve the structure through the openness and competition of service industry. Accordingly, with promoting the liberation of the service trade between two countries through the service treaties or FTA, it can be considered as the foundation to minimize the harms owing to the complete openness of global service trade in the future.
Therefore, in this study, in order to do the comparison analyses of the international competitiveness of each industry in the service field in China and Korea, related materials of service trade of IMF and WTO and the statistics of the economics statistics system of Korea Bank were used. In order to assess the competitiveness and trade level inside the industry of service in China and Korea, the international competitiveness of each sector was compared and analyzed through Revealed Comparative Advantage index, Trade Specification Index, the Inter-industry Specification Index, International Market Share and the Relative Market Penetrance Index.
According to the comparative results, as for the international competitiveness for the service industry, there is no difference between Korea and China, but serious imbalance in the structure of service industry can be seen. From the aspect of growth potential in the highest index, it can be seen that China occupied relative superiority slightly. Korea and China is in a lower position when compared to the developed countries in the service industry, but they have similar international competitiveness and they are similar in geography and culture. Accordingly, by promoting the liberation of the service industry between two countries, they can remove the trade obstacles and enhance the competitiveness through service industry liberation. With effective redistribution of resources, it is expected that in the service industry the international competitiveness of these two countries can be improved.
On the contrary, it is showing deficit trend constantly. If the service industry can be protected through the openness and liberation rather than trade obstacles, the monopolistic prices of specific service sectors can be guaranteed. Increasing the service price can harm the national welfare. In addition, the industries which provide materials for the service industry increase the price of the intermediate materials, so the price of the final products will be increased also. Accordingly, it will weaken the competitiveness in the goods trade. Service industry is various and composed by different industries. There are industries with high added value and labor intensive industries with low added value. As a result, we should realize the policy-related resources and the enhancement of competitiveness and the structure change of the service industries and reinforce the competitiveness of the service industry.
In terms of the limitations of this study, in the comparative analysis of the international competitiveness in the service trade structure between Korea and China, the results were drawn up through indirect statistics. This approach is considered as insufficient. It is expected that there will be more related studies in the future.
Author(s)
손문나
Issued Date
2014
Awarded Date
2015. 2
Type
Dissertation
URI
http://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/jsp/common/DcLoOrgPer.jsp?sItemId=000000007085
Alternative Author(s)
Wenna, SUN
Department
대학원 무역학과
Table Of Contents
I. 서론 1
1. 연구의 배경 및 목적 1
2. 연구의 방법 및 구성 3
Ⅱ. 한․중 서비스 무역구조의 현황 4
1. 서비스무역의 중요성 과 분류 4
1) 서비스무역의 중요성 4
2) 서비스무역의 분류 6
2. 한국과 중국서비스무역 구조의 현황 8
1) 세계 서비스무역 구조의 추이 9
2) 한국의 서비스무역 구조의 현황 16
3) 중국의 서비스무역 구조의 현황 25
Ⅲ. 한․중 서비스 무역구조 비교분석 30
1. 한‧중 서비스 무역의 경쟁력지수 분석 30
1) 현시비교우위지수(RCA)의 비교 분석 30
2) 무역특화지수(TSI)의 비교분석 31
3) 산업간 특화지수의 비교분석 35
4) 국제 시장점유율(IMS) 42
5) 상대적 시장집중도 지수의 비교분석 43
2. 한‧중 서비스무역에 대한 경쟁력 평가 49
1) 한국 서비스무역의 경쟁력 평가 52
2) 중국 서비스 무역의 경쟁력 평가 53
Ⅳ. 한․중 서비스 무역의 발전방안 56
1. 한‧중 서비스무역의 문제점 56
1) 한국의 대 중국서비스 무역의 문제점 56
2) 중국의 대 한국서비스 무역의 문제점 58
2. 한‧중 서비스무역의 발전방안 61
1) 한국의 대 중국서비스 무역의 발전방안 64
2) 중국의 대 한국서비스 무역의 발전방안 67
V. 요약 및 결론 64

참고문헌67
Abstract 69
Degree
Master
Publisher
제주대학교 대학원
Citation
손문나. (2014). 한 ‧ 중 서비스 무역구조 비교분석에 관한 연구
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General Graduate School > International Trade
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