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권력간격, 지역주의 및 문화

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Abstract
홉스테데(Hofstede)의 문화적 차원 권력간격(Power Distance)은 행정업무 종사자에 대핚 문화의 영향을 분석하는 데 유용핚 틀을 제공핚다. 권력간격 수준은 사람들 사이의 불평 등핚 권력의 수용을 묘사핚다. 높은 권력간격 사회는 불평등에 대핚 관용이 특징이며, 그러핚 사회의 구성원들은 권력이 공평하게 공유되어야 핚다는 것에 비교적 동의핚다. 사회적 지위가 높은 사람들은 많은 특권을 얻으며 그것은 옳거나 자연스러운 것으로 간주 된다. 낮은 권력간격 사회는 불평등이 덜 용인되는 사회다. 그 직책과 관렦된 특권은 쉽게 받아들여지지 않는다. 낮은 권력간격을 가짂 문화에서 독립성은 복종성보다 더 중시 된다. 관리자와 부하 직원의 업무 관계는 권력간격에 따라 달라짂다. 그래서 권력간격은 지방정부 차원에서 그것을 포함핚 많은 기관들의 인사 관리에 많은 영향을 끼친다. 본연구는 제주도, 핚국과 로스앨러모스, 뉴멕시코, 미국 지방정부 근로자들의 연구와 조사 결과를 통해 양국 간 권력간격 측정의 이전 차이를 확인하고, 해당 국가 내 다른 지역 근로자들 간의 전력 거리 차이를 제안핛 수 있었다.
Hofstede‟s cultural dimension of power distance provides a useful framework for analyzing the influence of culture on the administrative workers. The level of the power distance describes the acceptance of unequal power between people. The high power distance societies are characterized by the tolerance for inequality and the members of such societies relatively agree that power should be unequally shared. The people with higher social position obtain numerous privileges and it is considered as something right or natural. The low power distance societies are those in which inequality is less tolerated. The privileges connected with the position are not easily accepted. In the cultures with low power distance, independence is more valued then conformity. The work relationship between managers and their subordinates is dependent on power distance. And so power distance has many implications in personnel management in many organizations including that at the local government level. Through research and survey results from Jeju, South Korea and Los Alamos, New Mexico, USA local government workers, this research was able to confirm previous difference in power distance measurements between the two countries and suggest a power distance difference between the workers of different regions within the respective countries.
Author(s)
마이클 삭쓰톤
Issued Date
2019
Awarded Date
2019. 8
Type
Dissertation
URI
http://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/common/orgView/000000009122
Alternative Author(s)
Michael Saxton
Affiliation
제주대학교 행정대학원
Department
행정대학원 행정학과 일반행정전공
Advisor
민기
Table Of Contents
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Section 1 Research Background 1
Section 2 Research Purpose 2
Section 3 Background of Locations 3
Section 4 Format of Thesis 5
Chapter 2 Literature Review 6
Section 1 Culture and Value 6
Section 2 Hofstede's Cultural Dimensions and Power Distance 8
Section 3 Power Distance and Obedience 11
Section 4 Power Distance and Deference 12
Section 5 Power Distance and Gender 13
Section 6 Power Distance and Seniority 13
Section 7 Power Distance and Decentralization 14
Section 8 Power Distance and Regionalism 14
Section 9 Authoritarian Attitudes and Power Distance 16
Section 10 Korea and Confucian Culture 17
Section 11 Criticisms of Hofstede 18
Chapter 3 Approach and Methods 23
Section 1 Survey Approach 23
Section 2 Hypothesis 24
Section 3 Testing the Hypothesis 25
Chapter 4 Empirical Results 27
Section 1 Introduction 27
Section 2 Value Questions 28
Section 3 Demographics 32
Section 4 Power Distance Calculation 36
Section 5 Power Distance in relation to Hometown Location 37
ction 6 Value Questions mean scores in relation to Demographic variables 47
Chapter 5 Conclusions 59
Section 1 PDI Difference 59
Section 2 Regionalism Differences 59
Section 3 Demographic Analysis 60
Section 4 Improvement for Future Studies 60
Section 5 Policy Implications 61
Section 6 Summary 62
[ Works Cited ] 63
[ Appendix I ] Survey in English 71
[ Appendix II ] Survey in Korean 73
[ Abstract ] 75
[ 논문초록 ] 76
Degree
Master
Publisher
제주대학교 행정대학원
Citation
마이클 삭쓰톤. (2019). 권력간격, 지역주의 및 문화
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