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제주방언의 음운론적 연구

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Author(s)
권미소
Issued Date
2021
URI
https://dcoll.jejunu.ac.kr/common/orgView/000000010365
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to research about synchronic phonology of Jeju dialect targeting the language of elderly speakers at Namwon-eup area.
There have been quantitative and qualitative great accomplishment based on transformational generative grammar theory during past 40 years in sub-dialects in Korean. However, the discussion and study result targeting Jeju dialect among them are almost none. In this regard, the necessity of this study is strengthened.
Namwon-eup area judged as showing typical characteristic of Jeju dialect is settled as study location for this study, recorded the voice of elderly native more than 80 years old in this area, settled the underlying form of stem by surface shape analysis of researched data based on general linguistic study method of dialect, and observed the phonological phenomena showing on morpheme boundary.
Phoneme inventory of Jeju dialect is determined in Chapter 2. 20 consonant sounds(ㅂ, ㅃ, ㅍ, ㄷ, ㄸ, ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅆ, ㅈ, ㅉ, ㅊ, ㄱ, ㄲ, ㅋ, ㅎ, ㆆ, ㅁ, ㄴ, ㅇ, ㄹ), 9 monophthong(ㅣ, ㅔ, ㅐ, ㅡ, ㅓ, ㅏ, ㅜ, ㅗ, ㆍ), 2 semivowel(y, w) and 12 diphthong(ㅖ, ㅒ, ㅕ, ㅑ, ㅠ, ㅛ, ᅟᆢ, ㅟ, ㅞ, ㅙ, ㅝ, ㅘ) are confirmed in Jeju dialect.
The underlying form of noun stem and predicate stem of Jeju dialect based on the setting standard and condition of underlying form are determined in Chapter 3. There is only singular underlying form in noun stem of Jeju dialect. It is confirmed that the stems finished with 'ㄷ', 'ㅊ', 'ㅋ' and 'ㄲ' are all reconstructed and not existed in Jeju dialect. Stems had stem-final consonant such as 'ㅄ, ㄺ, ㄼ, ㄽ' etc. in previous period are all restructured, and the noun stem finished with 'ㄱㅆ' and 'ㄻ' are only observed and possible to suggest the list.
It is confirmed that the case finished with 'ㅣ, ㅔ, ㅐ, ㅡ, ㅓ, ㅏ, ㅜ, ㅗ, ㆍ' type among the noun stem finished with monophthong. 'y' class diphthong 'ㅑ, ㅕ, ㅛ, ㅠ' type and 'w' class diphthong 'ㅘ, ㅟ, ㅞ' type are observed in the noun stem finished with diphthong, and described that 'y' class diphthong 'ㅖ, ㅒ' type and 'w' class diphthong 'ㅙ, ㅞ' type are not existed.
Both singular and plural underlying form are settled in predicate stem in this dialect. There are 11 pieces of predicate stem finished with consonant as 'ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, ㅁ, ㅂ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ, ㅎ and ㆆ'. It is confirmed that the predicate stem finished with 'ㅋ', 'ㅍ', 'ㄲ', 'ㅆ', 'ㄶ', 'ㅄ', 'ㄾ', 'ㄿ' and 'ㅀ' are all restructured. Also, only 'ㄺ, ㄻ' and 'ㄼ' type is confirmed as predicate stem finished with consonant group in this dialect.
'ㅣ, ㅔ, ㅐ, ㅡ, ㅏ, ㅜ' and 'ㅗ' type is observed as the underlying form of predicate stem finished with vowel. The predicate stem finished with vowel 'ㅓ' and 'ㆍ' is not confirmed in this dialect. 'ㅟ, ㅞ, ㅕ' and 'ㅠ' type is shown in the predicate stem finished with diphthong.
/Xㅂ-~X우-/, /Xㅂ-~X오-~X우-/ type and /Xㄷ-~X르-/, /X르-~Xㄹ르-/, /허-~헤-/, etc. are correspond to plural underlying form among predicate stem. These all different in the realization in front of vowel ending, so it is suggested that the appearance environment is divided as 'in front of consonant ending, epenthesis vowel ending and nasal sound ending' and 'in front of vowel ending'.
The phonological phenomena shown in Jeju dialect based on the contents discussed in Chapter 3 is described in Chapter 4. The phonological phenomena in synchronic perspective is shown at the morpheme boundary. So, it is divided as phonological phenomena related with consonant and vowel confirmed at the morpheme boundary. There are phonological phenomena as Non-plosive consonantalization, glottalization, nasalization, velarization, consonant group simplification, liquid deletion, guttural sound deletion, duplicate consonant deletion, aspirated, etc. related with consonant, and vowel rounding, high vowel fronting, semi-vocalization, 'ㅏ' deletion, 'ㅡ' deletion, 'ㅜ' deletion, semi vowel deletion, semi vowel addition in phonological phenomena related with vowel. Necessary phonological phenomena among them are non-plosive consonantalization, strong sound after non-plosive consonantalization, nasalization, consonant group simplification, liquid deletion, guttural sound deletion, aspirated, 'ㅏ' deletion, 'ㅡ' deletion and 'ㅜ' deletion, and others are all optional phonological phenomena.
Alternative Title
A Phonological Study of Jeju Dialect : focus on Namwon-eup
Affiliation
제주대학교 대학원
Department
대학원 국어국문학과
Advisor
배영환
Awarded Date
2021. 8
Table Of Contents
1. 서론 1
1.1. 연구 목적 1
1.2. 연구사 검토 2
1.3. 조사 지점 및 제보자 선정 6
1.4. 자료 및 연구 방법 13
1.5. 논의의 구성 14
2. 음운 체계 16
2.1. 자음 체계 16
2.2. 모음 체계 22
2.2.1. 단모음 체계 23
2.2.2. 이중모음 체계 27
3. 어간의 기저형 33
3.1. 체언 어간의 기저형 35
3.1.1. 자음ㆍ자음군으로 끝나는 어간의 기저형 36
3.1.2. 모음으로 끝나는 어간의 기저형 48
3.2. 용언 어간의 기저형 54
3.2.1. 단수 기저형 54
3.2.1.1. 자음ㆍ자음군으로 끝나는 어간의 기저형 55
3.2.1.2. 모음으로 끝나는 어간의 기저형 66
3.2.2. 복수 기저형 74
4. 음운 현상 82
4.1. 자음과 관련된 음운 현상 82
4.1.1. 평파열음화 82
4.1.2. 경음화 84
4.1.2.1. 평파열음 뒤의 경음화 85
4.1.2.3. 용언 어간말 'ㄴ, ㅁ' 뒤 경음화 87
4.1.3. 비음화 91
4.1.4. 연구개음화 94
4.1.5. 자음군 단순화 96
4.1.6. 유음 탈락 99
4.1.7. 후음 탈락 100
4.1.8. 중복 자음 탈락 101
4.1.9. 유기음화 104
4.2. 모음과 관련된 음운 현상 106
4.2.1. 원순모음화 106
4.2.2. 전설고모음화 108
4.2.3. 반모음화 110
4.2.3.1. 'y' 반모음화 111
4.2.3.2. 'w' 반모음화 113
4.2.4. 'ㅏ' 탈락 117
4.2.5. 'ㅡ' 탈락 118
4.2.5.1. 어간말 'ㅡ' 탈락 118
4.2.5.2. 매개모음 조사ㆍ어미 'ㅡ' 탈락 120
4.2.6. 'ㅜ' 탈락 123
4.2.7. 반모음 탈락 125
4.2.8. 반모음 첨가 126
5. 결론 129
132
142
145
Degree
Doctor
Publisher
제주대학교 대학원
Citation
권미소. (2021). 제주방언의 음운론적 연구
Type
Dissertation
Appears in Collections:
General Graduate School > Korean Language and Literature
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